What important events happened in the 1500s?
1500s–1600s Portugal, Spain, England, and France establish the slave trade from Africa to bring workers to sugar and tobacco plantations in South America and the Caribbean, and later to the cotton plantations in the southern U.S. religious Reformation begins. Protestant religions emerge in Europe.
What was happening in England in 1550?
Events. January – Parliament passes an Act encouraging iconoclasm. 24 March – England and France sign the Treaty of Boulogne; England withdraws from Boulogne in France and returns territorial gains in Scotland. 29 March – Sherborne School in Dorset is refounded by King Edward VI.
What was England like in the 15th century?
A surfeit of land, a labour shortage, low rents, and high wages, which had prevailed throughout the early 15th century as a consequence of economic depression and reduced population, were replaced by a land shortage, a labour surplus, high rents, and declining wages.
What kind of government did England have in the 1500s?
The English government in the sixteenth century was what people of the period described as a “mixed” government, with both a monarch and a parliament. The parliament was composed of a House of Commons (representing commoners) and a House of Lords (represented the nobility and the church in the form of Lord Bishops).
What events happened in the 16th century?
- 1531- 32: The Church of England breaks away from the Roman Catholic Church and recognizes King Henry VIII as the head of the Church.
- 1532: Francisco Pizarro leads the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire.
- 1534: Jacques Cartier claims Quebec for France.
- 1534: The Ottomans capture Baghdad.
What was life like in the 1500s?
In the 1500s and 1600s almost 90% of Europeans lived on farms or small rural communities. Crop failure and disease was a constant threat to life. Wheat bread was the favorite staple, but most peasants lived on Rye and Barley in the form of bread and beer. These grains were cheaper and higher yield, though less tasty.
What era is the 1500s?
The period of European history extending from about 500 to 1400–1500 ce is traditionally known as the Middle Ages. The term was first used by 15th-century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the Western Roman Empire.