How much of Ireland is covered in forest?

How much of Ireland is under forest?

The area of forest is estimated to be 731,650 ha or 10.5% of the total land area of Ireland (NFI 2012). Forest cover is estimated to be at its highest level in over 350 years. Over one quarter of the forest estate contains broadleaves. Farmers accounted for 83% of private lands afforested between 1980 and 2016.

Does Ireland have forest?

Although considerable overlap does occur, the forests of Ireland can be roughly divided into five basic types: upland and peatland forests; farm forests; native woodlands; amenity forests; and urban forests. A large part of Ireland’s forest resource is located on uplands and peatlands.

When did Ireland become deforested?

Initially these hunter gatherers had little impact on the beautiful oak woods and pine forests. However, according to the Irish Department of Agriculture the forests started to slowly disappear around 6,000 years ago.

How much forest cover did Ireland lose between 1600 and 1700?

Over the next 2,000 years or so, and especially during the Early Christian Period, population growth and expansion of farming led to a dramatically altered landscape. By 1600, less than 20% of Ireland was covered by forests. The decline of the few remaining Irish forests continued over the following 300 years.

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Is Ireland the most deforested country?

Ireland has the lowest forest cover of all European countries, according to Teagasc. Land cover here is 11% while over 40% of all land in the 33 member states is wooded. Co Wicklow has the highest forest cover and Co Meath the lowest. These forests are mostly man-made.

Was Europe once covered in forest?

Europe was once covered by forest, from the Arctic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. The original forest covered probably 80-90% of the continent. The Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Stream warm the continent. … The southern part of Europe has Mediterranean climate.

Who owns Irish forest?

Coillte

Type Statutory Corporation
Owner Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Minister for Finance (on behalf of the Irish state)
Number of employees 862 (2016)
Divisions 3 (‘Forestry’, ‘Land Solutions’,’Medite Smartply’)
Website Coillte.ie

Who owns Ireland’s forests?

Of this, approximately 45% is in private ownership and 55% is in the ownership of Coillte. During the first 75 years of the 20th century, forestry in Ireland was almost exclusively carried out by the state.