How did the French and the British treat the Ojibwe people according to Schmalz?

What changed for the French the British and the First Nations after the Treaty of Utrecht?

The Treaty of Utrecht strengthened and expanded the British Empire while greatly weakening the French Empire. Many First Nations people were forced to relocate as the British took over their land.

What did France give Britain in the Treaty of Utrecht?

France ceded Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, the Hudson Bay territory, and the island of St. Kitts to Britain and promised to demolish the fortifications at Dunkirk, which had been used as a base for attacks on English and Dutch shipping.

What did the Treaty of Utrecht say?

The Treaty of Utrecht is a peace agreement signed in 1713 between England and France to end a war that began in Europe in 1701. … France agreed to pay the British fur company in North America, the Hudson’s Bay Company, for losses they suffered during the war.

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Why did the French want to keep their alliance with the Wabanaki?

The French saw them as a powerful defence against future attacks from the British. The Mi’kmaq and the Maliseet were the largest group on the East Coast and remained to fight against British Control. … The British wanted to end the alliance between the Wabanaki Confederacy and the French and take control of the land.

How did the British treat the First Nations?

Under the Proclamation, Britain attempted to redress the First Nations’ grievances by reducing the former boundaries of New France and creating a small province of Quebec straddling the St. Lawrence River. All the remaining territory was closed to European settlers by designating it as “Indian territory”.

How did the British treat the Abenaki?

How did the British treat the Abenaki people? As Europeans settled the east coast of North America during the 1600s and 1700s, they forced many First Nations people from their homes. Europeans, including the British, also killed First Nations people or sold them into slavery. … Some Abenaki relocated to New France.

Why did France and Britain view the Ohio River Valley as critical to their colonial empires?

France & Britain both viewed the Ohio Valley as critical. France saw it as important for access to the Mississippi, and Britain saw it as the logical expansion and also wanted to rid the French threat.

What started Queen Anne’s War?

Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) was the second of four great wars for empire fought between France, England, and their Indian allies. This struggle broke out when the French raided English settlements on the New England frontier.

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How did the Treaty of Utrecht Change North America?

There were concerts and parties, exhibits, plays, and fireworks. The Treaty of Utrecht ended the War of the Spanish Succession, which was a war between European countries, However, the treaty also affected North America. European powers redrew the map of North America and divided land between France and Britain.

How did the Treaty of Utrecht make England the strongest European power?

Great Britain was the main beneficiary; Utrecht marked the point at which it became the primary European commercial power. In Article X, Spain ceded the strategic ports of Gibraltar and Minorca, giving Britain a dominant position in the Western Mediterranean.