When did England own Hongkong?

When did England take over HK?

British Hong Kong

Hong Kong 香港
• British occupation 26 January 1841
• Treaty of Nanking 29 August 1842
• Convention of Peking 18 October 1860
• Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory 9 June 1898

Was Hong Kong a British colony?

The United Kingdom had held Hong Kong as a colony since 1841, when it occupied the area during the First Opium War. … The final treaty, the 1898 Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, leased the New Territories to Britain for 99 years.

Why was Hong Kong leased to Britain?

Hong Kong includes 426 square miles of territory in the South China Sea, and it is today one of the most densely occupied and economically independent parts of the world. That lease came about as a result of wars over trade imbalances, opium, and the shifting power of Queen Victoria’s British empire.

How long was HK under British rule?

Hong Kong–a small peninsula and group of islands jutting out from China’s Kwangtung province–was leased by China to Great Britain in 1898 for 99 years. In 1839, in the First Opium War, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the country’s economic, social, and political affairs.

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Who is considered the father of modern China?

Sun Yat-sen (/ˈsʌn ˌjætˈsɛn/; born Sun Deming; 12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925) was a Chinese statesman, physician, and political philosopher, who served as the provisional first president of the Republic of China and the first leader of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China).

Who colonized China first?

INTRODUCTION: Colonialism first stepped into China after the victory of the British Navy in the first opium war (1839-42).

Was Japan ruled by British?

Japan was not formally colonized by Western powers, but was a colonizer itself. It has, however, experienced formal semicolonial situations, and modern Japan was profoundly influenced by Western colonialism in wide-ranging ways.