What were the living conditions like in London in the 1800s?

Where did the poor live in London in the 1800s?

In Central London, the single most notorious slum was St. Giles, a name which by the 19th century had passed into common parlance as a byword for extreme poverty.

How were the poor treated in London during the 1800s?

At the beginning of the 19th century poverty was regarded as the natural condition of the labouring poor – those who worked with their hands. … The workhouse provided ‘indoor relief’, for the sick, elderly or orphaned – the ‘impotent’ poor who were unable to support themselves.

What were the living conditions like in Victorian London?

London’s population grew rapidly during the 19th century. This lead to major problems with overcrowding and poverty. Disease and early death were common for both rich and poor people. Victorian children did not have as many toys and clothes as children do today and many of them were homemade.

What was happening in the 1840s in England?


The 1840s, which saw years of poor harvests, were known as the Hungry Forties. Most catastrophic of all was the Irish Famine of 1845–9, during which well over a million people died and some two million emigrated.

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Why did London grow in the 1800s?

People. London’s population grew at a phenomenal rate. It was one million at the time of the first census in 1801; it had more than doubled half a century later and was over seven million by 1911. Much of this growth was the result of people migrating to the metropolis looking for work.

What was London like in 1850?

By the 1850s, London was the world’s most powerful and wealthiest city. But it was also the world’s most crowded city with growing problems of pollution and poverty that threatened to overwhelm its magnificence.

How many people in 1800s were poor?

It’s necessary to actually understand what Victorian poverty was. Late 19th century Britain had some 25% of the population living at or below the subsistence level. This subsistence level is not a measure of inequality, nor of the lack of winter clothes.

What was crime like in Victorian London?

Crime was commonplace, from pickpocketing (as practised by Fagin’s boys in Oliver Twist) and house-breaking to violent affray and calculated murder. Vice was easily available from child prostitution to opium dens. Drunkenness was widespread.