What are the 4 different air masses?
There are four categories for air masses: arctic, tropical, polar and equatorial. Arctic air masses form in the Arctic region and are very cold. Tropical air masses form in low-latitude areas and are moderately warm. Polar air masses take shape in high-latitude regions and are cold.
How does air masses affect the UK weather?
Tropical air masses will bring warm weather; Polar and Arctic masses will bring cold weather. Continental air masses travel over land and will bring dry weather as they have not picked up much moisture on the way. Maritime air masses travel over the sea so will bring wet weather.
Which weather systems affect the UK?
Throughout the year, low pressure weather systems frequently move across the UK, and these tend to bring cloud, rain, and windy weather. They usually consist of a ‘warm front’ a ‘cold front’ and an ‘occluded front’, in the shape of a triangle.
Which air masses affect the UK and where?
The four main air masses that affect the British Isles are:
- Tropical maritime (warm and moist air)
- Tropical continental (warm and dry air)
- Polar maritime (cold and moist air)
- Polar continental (cold and dry)
What are the 4 types of air masses and how do they affect the weather in North America?
4 Types of Air Masses
Experts classify air masses based on temperature and humidity. … The 4 types of air masses that impact North America most commonly are maritime tropical (mT), continental tropical (cT), maritime polar (mP), and continental polar (cP).
What are the 6 types of air masses?
This gives us six total types of air masses on Earth: maritime arctic (mA), maritime polar (mP), maritime tropical (mT); and continental arctic (cA), continental polar (cP) and continental tropical (cT).