How food sufficient is the UK?

Is UK self sufficient in food?

The UK is not self-sufficient in food production; it imports 48% of the total food consumed and the proportion is rising. Therefore, as a food-trading nation, the UK relies on both imports and a thriving agricultural sector to feed itself and drive economic growth.

How much of our food is grown in the UK?

How much food does the UK currently produce? The UK grows 61% of the food it eats, according to the National Farming Union (NFU),Tim Lang, Professor of Food Policy at City, University of London, and DEFRA’s Agriculture in the UK paper (July 2017).

How much of UK food is grown in the UK?

Economists calculate the country’s food self-sufficiency figure based on a number of statistics, and the latest figures indicate that UK farmers and growers produced 64% of all the food eaten by people in Britain during 2019. This compares to 78% in 1984.

Is the UK the largest producer of its own food?

Agriculture in the United Kingdom uses 69% of the country’s land area, employs 1.5% of its workforce (476,000 people) and contributes 0.6% of its gross value added (£9.9 billion). The UK produces less than 60% of the food it consumes.


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1. Milk (cow) 13,884,000
20. Duck meat 32,101

Does the UK import most of its food?

Based on the farm-gate value of unprocessed food in 20192, the UK supplied just over half (55%) of the food consumed in the UK. The leading foreign supplier of food consumed in the UK were countries from the EU (26%).

3.1 Origins of food consumed in the UK 2019.

Region Percentage supplied to the UK
Australasia 1%

Is the UK self-sufficient in potatoes?

The UK is self-sufficient in pre-packed potatoes but imports processed potatoes.

What food does the UK produce the most of?

Milk is the most produced food commodity in the United Kingdom followed by wheat and sugar beets.

Rank Commodity
1 Milk
2 Wheat
3 Sugar beet
4 Barley

What is the UK’s biggest import?

Between June 2020 and June 2021, the United Kingdom imported over 157 billion British pounds worth of machinery and transport equipment goods, the most of any commodity in this year.

Where do UK potatoes come from?

France was the biggest supplier of fresh potatoes to the UK with 52%, equal to more than 24,000t, coming from the country. This is followed by Germany at 16% and the Netherlands at 14%. The Netherlands and Belguim Luxembourg account for 82%, more than 465,000t, of processed imports to the UK.

Does the UK import meat?

The UK currently imports around 35 per cent of the beef and veal it consumes or around 250,000 tonnes annually.

Is the UK self-sufficient in meat?

In 2019, the UK was 86% self-sufficient for beef. The major exporter of beef to the UK is Ireland. In 2019, the UK reached 95% self-sufficiency for butter but still imported about six times as much butter as it exported to Ireland.

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Is the UK self-sufficient in milk?

The UK is circa 77% self-sufficient when it comes to milk production (see Figure 1). Levels of future trade will depend on tariff levels for imports into the UK. Current WTO tariff levels for dairy products entering the UK from outside the EU are set at an average of 40%.

Is UK self-sufficient in energy?

Although historically relatively self-sufficient in covering domestic energy demand, the United Kingdom’s dependency on imports has increased in the past few decades. … Energy dependency reached its peak in 2013, at nearly 48 percent.