How did sheep farming lead to poverty in Elizabethan England?

How did sheep farming cause poverty?

Sheep Farming

The increase in land required means that this land cannot be used for food crops, second that some food must be used to feed the sheep and cannot be used to feed people. Lastly, sheep farming is not as labour intensive as crop farming so some people became unemployed.

What were the causes of poverty in Elizabethan England?

The population rose by a million during the Elizabethan period. More people meant there was more demand for goods, and so prices rose. Prices for goods rose, but wages fell as there were more people around to do the work. … There was a decline in demand and this led to unemployment.

What is sheep farming in Elizabethan?

Sheep farming: the wool trade made up 81% of England’s exports during Elizabeth’s reign. Farmers started keeping sheep rather than grow crops. This did not need as many workers so unemployment grew. Inflation: After 1570 prices, especially food prices went up drastically.

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Why did poverty and Vagabondage increase in Elizabethan England?

There were many causes for this: recession, trade embargoes, bad harvests, a general population increase and changes to farming which led to higher levels of rural unemployment. … This led to rural depopulation and a mass exodus to the towns and cities of England.

How did Elizabethans respond to poverty?

they brought in a compulsory nationwide Poor Rate system. everyone had to contribute and those who refused would go to jail. begging was banned and anyone caught was whipped and sent back to their place of birth. almshouses were established to look after the impotent poor.

What did the Elizabethan Poor Laws do?

The Elizabethan Poor Laws, as codified in 1597–98, were administered through parish overseers, who provided relief for the aged, sick, and infant poor, as well as work for the able-bodied in workhouses.

Why were Elizabethans worried about the poor?

This was because of: fears that the ‘social order’ might be threatened if the growing number of poor people ganged together and started a rebellion. the risk that vagabonds and beggars might turn to crime. fears that the poor might spread disease.

How was life in Elizabethan England?

Many turned to small crime, such as begging, picking pockets, and prostitution, simply to avoid starvation. There was little help for the sick, elderly, and orphans. The life expectancy, or average life span, of an Elizabethan was only 42 years, but it was much lower among the urban poor.

Why did increased sheep farming in the 16th century lead to unemployment?

This meant that ordinary people had less land upon which they could grow crops that they used to feed themselves. Sheep farming also led to a rise in unemployment as sheep farming required less labour (less people) to do the job, compared to growing crops.

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Why did exploration increase in Elizabethan England?

Improved navigational technology was the key reason for increased overseas exploration during the Elizabethan era’.

Why was the 1601 poor Law significant in dealing with the problem of the poor during this period?

The 1601 Act sought to deal with “settled” poor who had found themselves temporarily out of work – it was assumed they would accept indoor relief or outdoor relief. Neither method of relief was at this time in history seen as harsh. The act was supposed to deal with beggars who were considered a threat to civil order.